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Classification of Sentences

 
  
 
Predicate sentences  and  not  change  the  meaning.  For example: The predicate is a word or a group of words that  state  something  about  the  subject  and includes  everything  in  the  sentence  that  is  not included in the complete subject. This means that the   complete   predicate   includes   the   simple predicate with its modifiers and the object with its  modifiers.  For  example: Sailors  travel. The  command  chaplain  supervises  the program  for  the  commanding  officer. “Travel”    is  the  simple  predicate  in  the  first example and “supervises” is the simple predicate in the second example.  “Supervises  the  program for  the  commanding  officer”  is  the  complete predicate  in  the  second  example. The chapel fund administrator is rewriting this instruction. He  will  submit  his  draft  to  the  command chaplain  for  approval. COMPLEX   SENTENCE.—   The   complex sentence  is  one  that  consists  of  at  least  one independent  clause  and  one  or  more  dependent clauses.   Major   emphasis   is   placed   on   the independent clause and the dependent clause gains its  meaning  from  the  independent  clause.  The clauses in a complex sentence that has only two clauses  are  joined  by  a  subordinating  conjunction. For  example: You  earn  money  while  you  work. “While”  is  the  subordinating  conjunction  in  this Classification of Sentences example.  “You  earn  money”  is  the  independent clause  and  “while  you  work”  is  the  dependent clause. Sentences  may  be  classified  according  to structure   (simple,    compound,   complex,   and COMPOUND-COMPLEX    SENTENCE.— compound-complex)  or  according  to  meaning A   compound-complex   sentence   consists   of   a (declarative,  imperative,  interrogative,  and compound   sentence   (one   with   two   or   more exclamatory). These classifications are discussed independent clauses) and at least one dependent in  the  following  paragraphs. clause.  For  example: SIMPLE SENTENCE.— A simple sentence is one that consists of a single independent clause and no subordinate clauses. The simple sentence always  contains  one  subject  and  one  verb.  For example: The  command  chaplain  supervised  the program. COMPOUND  SENTENCE.—  A  compound sentence has two or more independent clauses that are related in thought and joined by one or more coordinating   conjunctions.   For   example: The chapel fund administrator is rewriting this  instruction,  and he will submit his draft to the  command  chaplain  for  approval. Some of the employees who worked during the war years have retired, but many of them are still  employed  in  the  same  office. The  words  “who  worked  during  the  war  years” form   the   dependent   clause.   “Some   of   the employees have retired” and “many of them are still  employed  in  the  same  office”  are  the independent  clauses  and  could  stand  alone  as  two complete  sentences. DECLARATIVE  SENTENCE.—  A  declara- tive sentence is one that makes a statement. Such a  sentence  ends  with  a  period.  The  normal grammatical  order  of  the  parts  of  a  declarative sentence   is   the   subject   first   followed   by   the predicate  with  all  its  modifiers.  For  example: I found her  book  on  my  desk. “And”  is  the  coordinating  conjunction  in  this example.  It  should  be  noted  that  the  above “I”  is  the  subject;  “found”  is  the  predicate;  and example could have been written as two complete “book”  is  the  object  in  this  example. 5-22


   


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