of the sentence. The difference between the use
of commas or parentheses is simply a matter of
degree. Examples of various uses of parentheses
are shown below.
The entire city, which by 1940 had a
population of 47,000, was placed under
The entire city (population 47,000) was
placed under martial law.
In the second sentence the break is so abrupt
that parentheses are more appropriate.
Is it true that there are a few occasions
(mark that word few) on which such
stress is appropriate?
NOTE: When parentheses come at the end of
the sentence, the appropriate punctuation should
be placed outside the parentheses.
If you are caught speeding, there will be a
confrontation (plus a nice, fat fine).
The apostrophe is used to show the omission
of one or more letters or figures, as in
contractions, the possessive case of words, the
plural form of letters that are spoken of as words,
and as single quotation marks. Examples of
various uses of the apostrophe are shown below.
The apostrophe is used to form the
possessive case of a noun.
For singular nouns ending in s, it is
permissible to add the apostrophe without the s
to avoid too many s sounds. To form the
possessive case of plural nouns ending in s, add
only the apostrophe in all instances.
the boys gymnasium
the Jones house
The possessive case should be placed at the
end of a compound word.
his son-in-laws work
someone elses turn
Chief of Engineers office
When two or more persons are thought of
as a single combination, the apostrophe and s
should be added to the last s only.
I like to browse in the Warren and
Forrests book store.
As a general rule, nouns denoting things
without life should not be used in the possessive
The door of the garageNOTthe
Exceptions to this rule are expressions
denoting time, value, or distance. For example:
a days work
a dollars worth
a weeks pay
Personal pronouns in the possessive case
do not require an apostrophe (his, hers, its, ours,
yours, theirs, whose).
I thought the scarf was hers.
Do you know whose book that is?
Indefinite pronouns in the possessive case
require an apostrophe and s (one, everyone,
Everyones prediction was wrong.
He objected to everybodys method of