Id al Adha
Id al Fitr
A report, handed down over generations, of the
example of the Prophets behavior which all Muslims
The pilgrimage to Makkah (Mecca), the holy city of
Islam in western Arabia.
The upright, monotheistic, and moral people who were
neither Christian, Jewish, nor pagan, and who upheld
an idealized form of the Mesopotamian religious tradi-
The area encompassing Makkah, the plain of Arafat,
and other sites visted during hajj.
The emigration which refers to the escape of
Muhammed from Makkah to Madinah, and marks the
beginning of the Muslim calendar and the founding of
the Islamic state.
The feast of sacrifice which ends the ritual of hajj,
commemorating Abrahams sacrifice of his son Ishmael
and indicating the Muslims willingness to sacrifice for
The feast which marks the end of the fast during
The garment worn during hajj, consisting of two pieces
of unsewn white cloth.
A leader who directs Muslims in worship and/or other
The celebration which commemorates the Prophets
night journey to Jerusalem and ascension to heaven and
which acknowledges that the Christian, Jewish, and
Islamic religions have one and the same God as their
A war waged to defend Islam. Broadly, the obligation to
spread the teachings of Islam and to combat injustice,
The obligatory congregational salat on Friday.
The small stone building in Makkah which Islam holds
was first built by Abraham and his son Ishmael for
worship of the one God.
A vicegerent, or one who manages matters on earth by
fulfilling the commands of God.