A three-cornered pastry eaten on Purim, supposed to
resemble Hamans hat.
Kashrut is the code of laws concerning ritually fit foods
and utensils. The laws of keeping kosher are thoroughly
well developed. However, an enormous variety in
interpretation of and attitudes toward Kashrut exists in
the Jewish community. It is commonly known that pork
products and shellfish are not kosher. If you have ques-
tions about Kashrut in theory and practice, consult a
Jewish chaplain. Some Jewish personnel have found it
possible to keep kosher even while deployed. To do so
requires moderate understanding and support by the
chaplains department, the supply officer, and the XO.
A prayer said over wine on Sabbaths and festivals.
Potato pancakes usually served during Hanukkah.
Literally mazeltov means good luck. However, it is used
to express congratulations. When you successfully
complete your studies on Judaism, you might turn to a
fellow student and exclaim Mazel tov!
The quorum of worshipers required in order to recite
the Kaddish and certain other prayers. Each denomina-
tion within Judaism views the Minyan differently.
The specially trained person who performs ritual
The eternal light that is a symbol of Gods continuing
presence. The ner tamid usually appears as a lamp, hung
over the Ark. The lamp is supposed to be on at all times.
A celebration of the Sabbath following services on
Friday night or Saturday morning. Usually a kiddush is
said, everyone has some wine, and good food is shared
Master or teacher.
The greeting Jews extend to each other during the High
Holy Days. It means May you have a good year. This
phrase is derived from a longer expression which
translates: May you be sealed in the Book of Life for a
The initial mourning period following a burial. Tradi-
tionally, it lasts for 7 days. It is not uncommon for it to
be observed for shorter periods.