OVERVIEW OF ISLAMIC LAW
Haram - expressly prohibited.
Wajib - expressly enjoined.
Mukruh - disliked but not prohibited.
Mundub - recommended but not enjoined.
Mubah - simply permitted through silence.
Very few activities are prohibited. The vast majority of human activity falls under the last category.
The Shari ah consists of morals, manners, and regulations ranging from worship to statecraft. Every
devout Moslem is expected to follow the code of behavior advocated in the Shariah. The complexity of the
law demands extensive personal study. To dismiss Islamic law without understanding its roots, purpose, and
breadth condemns one to a curtailed appreciation of the richness of Islamic life.
Figure 1-8.The Shariah, Islamic law.
Under Islamic dietary laws, all fish is permitted.
Milk is permitted as long as comes from an animal that
is an approved source of food. Gluttony and
overindulgence in any food or drink are discouraged. In
the Islamic culture, hospitality is a commitment.
As an RP, you will need to recognize that Moslem
personnel may request special leave or liberty to observe
Islamic holidays. Figure 1-9 marks the Islamic holidays
and festivals observed by Moslems during the year.
Islamic rites are the traditional acts of worship.
These rites are duties that all Moslems must perform, no
matter where they may happen to live. In fact, it is the
unified duty of all Moslems to provide the way and
resources so that the followers of Islam can carry out
these duties faithfully. For example, before a Moslem
engages in worship, Islamic law requires a pre-prayer
ablution, or washing, of the body with pure water. The
law demands cleanliness of the body, the clothes, and
the place wherever Islamic prayers may be held. In
Islam, the law and the rites of worship are inseparable
The obligatory acts of worship, or ibadat, are
referred to as The Five Pillars of Islam. The ibadat
includes the following acts or rites of worship:
ISLAMIC RELIGIOUS HOLIDAYS
Friday is the weekly day for special corporate
worship and devotion. The following holidays and
festivals Moslems observe during the year.
Muslim New Years Day.
Maulid-An Nabi - the Prophets birthday.
Isra - the Prophets night journey.
the Prophets ascension to the
First Friday of Ramadan.
Lailatul-Qadr - eve of 27 Ramadan.
Eid ul-Fitr - marking the end of Ramadan.
Eid ul-Adha - festival celebrating Abrahams
willingness to sacrifice his son.
Figure 1-9.Islamic religious holidays.
. Skhahadah, the declaration of faith. Every day
every Moslem must say, There is no God but Allah, and
Mohammed is his prophet.
. Salat, the prescribed prayers. Salat is a recitation
from the Holy Quran and glorification of God
accompanied by various bodily postures, such as those
shown in figure 1-10. The performance of Salat must