THE JEWISH CALENDAR
NAME OF MONTH
NUMBER OF DAYS
NAME OF DAY
First day of Passover
Israel Independence Day
First day of Roshha-Shanah
Day of Atonement
First day of Sukkot
29 or 30
K i s l ev
29 or 30
First day of Hanukkah
29 (30 days in leap year)
(29 days in leap year)
In leap year, Purim is celebrated on 14
NOTE 1: The names of the 12 months are of Babylonian origin.
NOTE 2: The date is given by indicating the name of the month, the date in that month, and then the year
such as I Adar 27, 5752; that is, March 2, 1994 in the Julian calendar.
Figure 1-12.The Jewish calendar.
observance of the Sabbath and the dietary laws
18th century on, opposed changes to their religion,
mentioned in the Bible. They also believe that women
should have a Iarger role in synagogue worship. Reform
Judaism is also known as Liberal or Progressive
Judaism and is the source from which some Navy
chaplains received their theological training.
Orthodox Judaism is a term applied to the religious
beliefs of the Jews who have traditionally opposed
changes to the laws and practices of their religion.
Orthodox Judaism reflects the beliefs and practices of
those Jews in central and western Europe who, from the
including the changes endorsed by the Reform
Conservative Judaism exists between the tenets of
both Orthodox Judaism and Reform Judaism.
Conservative Jews believe in some changes, but they
neither believe in change as extremely as the followers
of Reform Judaism nor are they opposed to a strict
interpretation of Jewish law. For the past century,
Conservative Judaism has endeavored to reconcile